Agriculture and animals

Tusko the elephant, chained outside building Pair of swans with cygnets Three ducklings and eggs on table Three ducklings and eggs on table Flock of chickens in field near coop Chickens in grass Two peacocks in coop Flock of chickens Rooster on top of box Chicken perched on wooden structure Chicken perched on wooden structure Chicken perched on branch Chicken perched on log Two pictures of chickens Chicken perched on branch Seagulls, possibly in Willamette River Two swans in partially frozen pond Flock of turkeys in field Flock of turkeys in farmyard Flock of turkeys in pen Flock of turkeys in farmyard Flock of turkeys in field Seagull in flight Photograph of two partridges in pen Kittens on doorstep Cat Kitten Cat with kittens in bowl
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Identity elements

Reference code

Org. Lot 1368.B

Name and location of repository

Level of description



Agriculture and animals


  • 1920 - 1945 (Creation)


866 negatives: 528 cellulose nitrate negatives and 338 safety negatives.

Name of creator


Administrative history

The Oregon Journal was an afternoon newspaper based in Portland, Oregon. Originally founded in March 1902 by Alfred D. Bowen under the name Evening Journal, Charles Samuel (“Sam”) Jackson purchased the newspaper that July and renamed it the Oregon Journal. Originally located in the Goodnaugh Building, the Journal’s offices moved to the Jackson Tower in 1912, where they remained until 1948, when the paper moved into the Public Market building on Portland’s waterfront. The Jackson family retained ownership of the paper until the death of C. S. Jackson’s son Philip in 1953.

The Journal was known for some innovations. It shipped additional issues to Oregon’s coastal towns during the summer months as a means of boosting circulation. It was also the first newspaper in the United States to own a helicopter, and its waterfront building included a helicopter pad.

The Journal was considered a rival to Portland’s other major newspaper, the Oregonian, throughout its existence. The Journal’s editorials favored the Democratic Party, in contrast with the Oregonian’s Republican leanings, and expressed what some labeled an anti-establishment tone. However, the two papers became intertwined as time went on. In the 1950s, the Journal began to suffer from revenue losses, and discussed the possibility of sharing production facilities with the Oregonian. For the first five months of the protracted Portland newspaper strike which began in 1959, the Journal and Oregonian published joint issues. In August 1961, the Oregonian Publishing Company, by then owned by newspaper mogul Samuel I. Newhouse, purchased the Journal for $8 million. With this sale, the Journal offices and production facilities merged with those of the Oregonian on SW Broadway, although the Journal retained its own editorial department and tone.

The Journal’s highest circulation was at 201,000 in March 1948. By 1982, circulation had reduced to a little more than 100,000, and the paper struggled to remain relevant in an age where afternoon newspapers were considered obsolete. The Journal published its final issue on September 6, 1982. The paper’s staff and production were then absorbed into the Oregonian.

Content and structure elements

Scope and content

Photographs related to agriculture, horticulture, and animals from approximately 1920 - 1945. The bulk of the photographs depict people, animals, and scenes at fairs and livestock shows, probably the Multnomah County Fair in Gresham, Oregon, and the Pacific International Livestock Exposition in Portland, Oregon. Other images depict topics such as cats, dogs, wild birds, poultry, and Tusko the elephant; farms and farmland; flowers, flower shows, and gardens.

System of arrangement

Conditions of access and use elements

Conditions governing access

Physical access

Due to the high-risk nature of the format, the Oregon Journal negatives are not available to the public for physical access.

Technical access

In Copyright
Copyright held by Oregonian Publishing Group.

Conditions governing reproduction

Languages of the material

  • English

Scripts of the material

Language and script notes

Finding aids

Acquisition and appraisal elements

Custodial history

Immediate source of acquisition

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information


Related materials elements

Existence and location of originals

Org. Lot 1368, Box 371 and Box 374, OHS Research Library

Existence and location of copies

Related archival materials

Pacific International Livestock Exposition catalogs, 1913-1969: Coll 120, OHS Research Library,

Related descriptions

Notes element

Specialized notes

Alternative identifier(s)

Description control element

Rules or conventions

Sources used

Archivist's note

Katie Mayer, September 14, 2017

Access points

Name access points

Genre access points

Accession area