Abigail Scott Duniway papers

Centennial Ode True Temperance Abigail Scott Duniway Lecture Notes Abigail Scott Duniway Lecture Notes Letter from Abigail Scott Duniway to the editor of the O. A. C. Barometer Letter from Oregon Equal Suffrage Association Letter from Abigail Scott Duniway to Mrs. Lucia Fulton Isaacs

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Reference code

Mss 432

Name and location of repository

Level of description



Abigail Scott Duniway papers


  • 1852-1915 (Creation)


1.35 cubic feet (3 document cases, 1 reel microfilm)

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Biographical history

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Writer, pioneer, editor, and champion of women's suffrage, Abigail Scott Duniway was born in Groveland, Illinois, in 1834. One of her brothers, Harvey Scott, would become the editor of the Oregonian. The Scott family traveled overland to Oregon in 1852, a trip on which Abigail's mother and youngest brother died. The family came first to Oregon City, then settled in Lafayette. Abigail taught school at Eola, and in 1853 she married Benjamin C. Duniway, with whom she had four children. After her husband was incapacitated in an 1862 accident, Duniway supported her family through teaching and a millinery business in Albany, Oregon. After moving to Portland in 1871 she published and edited The new northwest and became Oregon's leading advocate of women's suffrage. She moved to Idaho in 1887 and helped to achieve women's voting rights there in 1896. After returning to Oregon she was instrumental in the passage of Oregon's own women's suffrage bill in 1912. Her writings include the autobiography Path Breaking (1914) and the novel Captain Gray's Company.

The collection, which represents only a small portion of Duniway's papers, includes: the records of the Oregon State Equal Suffrage Association, including minute book, membership and account books, constitutions, a small amount of correspondence, and a copy of a letter from Susan B. Anthony regarding the woman's suffrage movement; and records of the Duniway Publishing Company, consisting of cash, mailing and advertising ledgers (1880-1886) of the publication The new northwest. Also included in the collection is a copy of a typed transcript of Duniway's journal kept during her family's overland trek from Illinois (1852 April 2) to Oregon City, Oregon (1852 September 28), on which her mother and younger brother died. The transcript contains an introduction by Leslie M. Scott. A subscription list from the Oregon State Secular Union from 1891 can also be found in the collection.

System of arrangement

The collection is arranged in the following series:

Series A: Duniway Publishing Company records, 1881-1886
Series B: Oregon State Equal Suffrage Association Records, 1872-1915
Series C: General materials and overland journal, 1852-1914

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Conditions governing reproduction

The Oregon Historical Society owns the materials in the Research Library and makes available reproductions for research, publication, and other uses. The Society does not necessarily hold copyright to all materials in the collections. In some cases, permission for use may require seeking additional authorization from copyright owners.

Languages of the material

  • English

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Immediate source of acquisition

Probably the gift of Clyde Duniway, Library Accession 409.

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Notes element

General note

Online collection contains a selection of items from the full collection. More information about the full collection can be found here: http://archiveswest.orbiscascade.org/ark:/80444/xv21562

Specialized notes

  • Citation: Abigail Scott Duniway papers, Mss 432, Oregon Historical Society Research Library

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