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manuscripts (documents)

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First Admission of Collored [sic.] Children to Portland Public Schools

Thomas Alexander Wood's manuscript, "First Admission of Collored [sic.] Children to Portland Public Schools," is Wood's account of school officials attempting to prevent desegregation in the Portland public school system. In lieu of allowing Black children into schools, school officials suggested to instead give Black families $2.25 per child, per quarter, to hire a private teacher and rent space for homeschooling. The vast discrepancy in financial support the administration was willing to give, in comparison to actual costs needed for private homeschooling, ultimately led to school Directors paying for a separate, segregated, school for Black children to attend, and the case failed to make it to court. The school opened in the fall of 1867.

Wood, Thomas Alexander, 1837-1904

Letter from Thomas Alexander Wood

In this letter written by Thomas Alexander Wood, addressed "To sir and friend," Wood describes his expedition involvement during the Yakima Indian Wars (1855-1858). The letter also includes several pages of written tables outlining information of other military personnel who were "J" Company veterans (e.g.; name, military rank, station, and length of service).

Wood, Thomas Alexander, 1837-1904

Transcribed Letter from Edward Henry Lenox to Thomas Alexander Wood

Transcription of a letter written by Edward Henry Lenox to Thomas Alexander Wood. Lenox describes some of his experiences immigrating to Oregon in 1843, specifically an incident when James Willis Nesmith saved someone from drowning. He also mentions writing a book (presumably the book "Overland to Oregon: in the Tracks of Lewis and Clark, History of the First Emigration to Oregon in 1843"). Lenox requests Wood provide a list of names of the Nesmith family. This document is written on Oregon Historical Society letterhead.

Lenox, Edward Henry, 1827-

Letter from Malaspina to Valdés, 4 October 1790

Letter written by Alessandro Malaspina to Antonio Valdés confirming departure of Descubierta and Atrevida from the Port of Callao. The letter is dated 4 October 1790 from Guayaquil, Ecuador. The letter is signed by Malaspina and references hydrographical research and charting of the coast between Guayaquil and Lima, Peru. In the letter, Malaspina also notes that Antonio Pineda and his team of naturalists have been sent to Monte Chimborazo in the Andes.

Malaspina, Alessandro, 1754-1809

Letter from Valdés to Malaspina, 25 February 1792

Letter from Antonio Valdés to Alessandro Malaspina acknowledging Malaspina's letter of 12 October concerning observation of Northern coast and the non-existence of the passage to the Atlantic. The letter is signed by Valdés and is dated the 25 February 1792, from Aranjuez, Spain.

Valdés y Bazan, Antonio, 1744-1816

Note from Malaspina to the Comandante General de Cartagena de Indias

Note from Alessandro Malaspina to the Comandante General de Cartagena de Indias accompanying initialed boxes to be sent to Quartermaster of Cadiz. The note is signed by Malaspina, from Panama. The note details the contents of the boxes which contained natural history items including birds, minerals, wood and plants collected by Née and Haecke, and a broken chronometer being returned to Cadiz.

Malaspina, Alessandro, 1754-1809

Affidavit confirming Malaspina's claim of spoiled bread on the Descubierta, 1789

Copy of an affidavit confirming Alessandro Malaspina's claim that the bread on board the Descubierta is infested with maggots and cobwebs and as such is deemed unfit for consumption by crew members. This copy is signed by Alonso Morgado who was the Junior Minister in the Ministry of Marine. The original affidavit was signed by Alonso Morgado, two master bakers, and Orozco, a naval officer. Dated from 1789 October 4 from Montevideo, Uruguay. Page three of this file is an English translation of the document.

Whitehall circular, 1789 September 21

Whitehall circular dated 1789 September 21. The circular orders that ships be allowed to anchor in British territories and that all necessary assistance be given to Alessandro Malaspina and José Bustamante.

Letter from Malaspina to Higgins, 1790 April 27

Letter from Alessandro Malaspina to Higgins confirming that the expedition left Valparaíso on 14 April and that all scientific operations have been concluded satisfactorily. The letter notes that their departure has been delayed so that the Pineda brothers and Haencke can carry out mineralogical research in the mercury mine and so that new fishing methods can be tried. Dated 1790 April 27 from Puerto de Coquimbo.

Malaspina, Alessandro, 1754-1809

Plans for the creation of a meteorological station network throughout the Spanish Empire, 1790 September 15

Summary of a letter from Alessandro Malaspina giving detailed plans for the creation of a large-scale network of meteorological stations in major cities in the Kingdom of Spain for the purposes of scientific progress. Research would also cover the outbreak of disease and mortality rates in man as well as in animals used by man. The letter also details the anticipated instruments required for the stations. The document is dated on 15 September 1790 from Callao.

Malaspina, Alessandro, 1754-1809

Letter reporting on the Malaspina expedition in Patagonia, 1790 October 1

Letter reporting on the expedition in Patagonia and in particular, on contact with a small Patagonian tribe whose physiognomy, customs and language have been closely observe. Whilst on the Patagonian coast, time is spent with some English fishermen and it is suggested that there may be English whalers living near the Santa Cruz and Gallegos rivers. Neither author nor intended recipient are specified, but this letter was probably from Valdés since it refers to items and letters received from Malaspina and Pineda.

Valdés y Bazan, Antonio, 1744-1816

Letter reporting on documents and items received from the Malaspina expedition, 1790 October 1

Letter reporting on documents and items received from the expedition including a map of the Patagonian coast between the Cape of San Antonio and Puerto Deseado; a case of birds, including cormorants, and eggs collected by Antonio Pineda. The author and intended recipient of the letter are not specified but the contents suggest that it is from Valdés.

Valdés y Bazan, Antonio, 1744-1816

Letter reporting on a journey made by Pineda and Née to Monte Chimborazo and the Volcán de Nicaragua, 1790 December 10

Extract of a letter reporting on a journey made by Antonio Pineda and Luis Née to Monte Chimborazo and the Volcan de Nicaragua to observe the flora, minerals and meteorological conditions. On arrival at the peak of the Volcan de Nicaragua they hear the deafening sound of flames "como si fuera de una grande hornada de gavilla" but they were unable to reach the top of the Chimborazo on account of the heavy snow and rain storms. In Santa Elena they find mineral oil which they suggest will be useful in medicine and they believe that the discovery of gigantic prehistoric bones could be important in the study of natural history. They make a collection of plants and animals but these are eaten by the many insects in the area and reference is made to Cook's similar experience. They examine a milk-like substance extracted from banana leaves which when dry has similar qualities to "goma elástica" used as varnish. The letter indicates that the artist, Guio's, requirements were minimal needing little food and no servant: "no goza gratificación de mesa ni criado". The author and intended recipient of the letter are unidentified but this is probably a summary of Pineda's letter made by Valdés or his secretary (the top of the letter is marked "Pineda"). The letter is dated 1790 December 10 from Panama.

Pineda y Ramírez, Antonio, 1751-1792

Letter from Valdés to Malaspina, 1790 December 22

Letter from Antonio Valdés to Alessandro Malaspina acknowledging Malaspina's letters of 27 April and 3 June from Coquimbo and Lima. Malaspina is asked to verify the supposed Maldonado Strait from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean by navigating around Northern Kamchatka and to change any previous plans he may have had in accordance with the King's wishes. Valdés encloses a report published in France to aid Malaspina with this verification. A footnote indicates that copies of this letter have been sent to the ports of Acapulco and San Blas. Dated 1790 December 22 from Madrid. Page three of this file is an English translation of the document.

Valdés y Bazan, Antonio, 1744-1816

Letter from Revilla Gigedo, the Viceroy of New Spain, to Valdés, 1791 April 9

Letter from Conde de Revilla Gigedo, the Viceroy of New Spain, to Antonio Valdés confirming that the Royal Order of 22 December relating to verification of the Atlantic Passage has been sent on to San Blas where Alessandro Malaspina is to meet José Bustamante. Updates on the expedition include their charting undiscovered islands; that eight out of the nine sailors who deserted have been found; and that Malaspina took a long time (58 days) to arrive in Acapulco from Realejo. The letter is signed by Revilla Gigedo and is dated 1791 April 9 from Mexico City.

Revillagigedo, Juan Vicente Güémez Pacheco de Padilla Horcasitas y Aguayo, conde de, 1740-1799

List of maps, paintings, journals, zoological, botanical and mineralogical collections collected by the Malaspina expedition, 1791 April 29

Letter from Alessandro Malaspina to Higgins confirming that the expedition left Valparaíso on 14 April and that all scientific operations have been concluded satisfactorily. The letter notes that their departure has been delayed so that the Pineda brothers and Haencke (more commonly spelled Haenke) can carry out mineralogical research in the mercury mine and so that new fishing methods can be tried. Dated 1790 April 27 from Puerto de Coquimbo.

Malaspina, Alessandro, 1754-1809

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