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Correspondence and news releases

Correspondence discussing the Malheur Lake Wildlife Refuge and dam construction on the Klamath River in California. News releases describing William Finley's life and lectures are included.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Articles, lecture schedule, and brochure

Document includes lecture schedule and newspaper clipping discussing "Birds, bergs and Kodiak bears" lecture. Newspaper clipping discussing establishment of wildlife sanctuaries and brochure for the Moose Hill Bird Sanctuary are included.

Izaak Walton League of America

Articles

Newspaper clippings discussing the need for antelope conservation at Hart Mountain, the impact of birds on the fish population, and restoration of the Lower Klamath Lake. Article discussing "Birds, bergs and Kodiak bears" lecture is included.

Oregon Journal (Firm)

Lower Klamath Lake, Tule Lake, and Clear Lake Refuges, 1917-1935

Correspondence, reports, and articles discussing the impact of agriculture and reclamation projects on the Lower Klamath, Tule Lake, and Clear Lake Refuges. Topics of focus include the impacts of grazing on bird refuges, construction of dikes and dams on the Klamath and Link Rivers, and possible reflooding of portions of the Lower Klamath Lake.

Finley, Irene

Documents discussing Oregon and northern California refuges

Documents focus primarily on the destruction of bird nesting sites through the careless practices of the Reclamation Service, including prescribed burning and leasing of land for grazing. Other topics include cooperation between the Reclamation Service and Biological Survey, duck hunting, and recommendations for restoring refuges to ideal nesting conditions. A map of the Klamath Irrigation Project is included.

United States. Bureau of Reclamation

Malheur, Lower Klamath Lake, and Hart Mountain Refuges, 1930-1935

Correspondence, articles drafts, and notes discussing the Malheur Lake and Lower Klamath Lake Refuges with a focus on the impact of agricultural projects on the reservations, including water shortages and pollution. Additional topics include concerns about an antelope population limit at the Hart Mountain Game Refuge and the introduction of non-native species to replace dwindling native bird and fish populations.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Wholesale waterfowl destruction in the Klamath Country

Manuscript discusses how the waterfowl in Klamath country are now protected from hunters by game laws. The Bureau of Reclamation destroyed areas of sanctuary for waterfowl because the demand for land for agricultural use was so high. According to Dr. C. F. Marbut from the Department of Agriculture, the soil from the land in and around the bed of the Lower Klamath Lake could not support agricultural means successfully. Instead, the area became a refuge similar to Clear Lake.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Sanctuaries for waterfowl

Manuscript that champions the idea of additional sanctuaries for birds and animals. The document mentions what efforts President Theodore Roosevelt made before retiring from office. The document also highlights a number of refuges in the United States.

Averill, Edgar F., 1881-1955

Duck refuge at Klamath Falls has effective death trap

Manuscript describing the unintentional traps that had been made by telephone wires set up by the California-Oregon Power Company. It greatly affected the ducks in the area of Klamath Falls. The area that is discussed was set up for ducks with a type of botulism so that they could restore themselves back to health.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Malheur refuge an aid to both birds and farmers

Manuscript that details the advantages of a wildlife refuge, especially in regards to the land. The document describes some of the difficulties that the Malheur Refuge experienced. Examples include illegal squatters around the lake bed and the attempt of a pair of locals (Culver Marshall and Wilbur Springer) to host a duck hunt inside the refuge.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Klamath waterfowl mat stage a good comeback

Manuscript that relays the struggle of farmers and land owners versus the Reclamation Services in respects to the lake beds in the Lower Klamath and Tule Lake areas. It was recognized that the drying of the beds is destructive to the local waterfowl because of a lack of a reliable water source. For the farmers and land owners, they would rather see the land as a place of cultivation. The Reclamation Service believed that only a small part could realistically be kept under cultivation. Part of the area in question became a sump and instead of using all of the land for that purpose, a refuge area was set aside which became the Tule Lake Refuge.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Mountain sheep or bighorn

Manuscript that discusses the dwindling numbers of the Bighorn sheep. Contributing factors to the decrease of Bighorns include hunting and contact with domestic sheep. The domestic sheep contributed the most in the decline due to a disease they carried and spread to the Bighorns. The author advocates for a refuge for the remaining Bighorns in order to remove any contact from domestic sheep in both the summer and winter seasons.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Information and articles on wildlife

  1. "Why protect hawks and owls"; 2. "The great Alaskan brown bear"; 3. "Brownsville Gun & Rod Club is incorporated"; 4. "Not a creditable proceeding"; 5. "The plumage and the tariff"; 6. "Predators and the northern bob-white"; 7. "Hart Mountain Antelope Refuge"; 8. "National Parks Bulletin"; 9. "Wildlife tips and briefs"; 10. Bird images.

Jewett, Stanley G. (Stanley Gordon), 1885-

Malheur, the unfortunate

An edited version of "Malheur, the unfortunate" which describes the destruction man has wreaked upon the lake and surrounding area.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Malheur, the unfortunate

Manuscript chronicling the woes that have befallen Malheur Lake, including hunting, land cultivation, and disregard for the lake's status as a refuge.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

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