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William L. Finley Papers, 1899-1946 Oregon Wildlife refuges With digital objects
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Sanctuaries for waterfowl

Manuscript that champions the idea of additional sanctuaries for birds and animals. The document mentions what efforts President Theodore Roosevelt made before retiring from office. The document also highlights a number of refuges in the United States.

Averill, Edgar F., 1881-1955

Duck refuge at Klamath Falls has effective death trap

Manuscript describing the unintentional traps that had been made by telephone wires set up by the California-Oregon Power Company. It greatly affected the ducks in the area of Klamath Falls. The area that is discussed was set up for ducks with a type of botulism so that they could restore themselves back to health.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Klamath waterfowl mat stage a good comeback

Manuscript that relays the struggle of farmers and land owners versus the Reclamation Services in respects to the lake beds in the Lower Klamath and Tule Lake areas. It was recognized that the drying of the beds is destructive to the local waterfowl because of a lack of a reliable water source. For the farmers and land owners, they would rather see the land as a place of cultivation. The Reclamation Service believed that only a small part could realistically be kept under cultivation. Part of the area in question became a sump and instead of using all of the land for that purpose, a refuge area was set aside which became the Tule Lake Refuge.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Mountain sheep or bighorn

Manuscript that discusses the dwindling numbers of the Bighorn sheep. Contributing factors to the decrease of Bighorns include hunting and contact with domestic sheep. The domestic sheep contributed the most in the decline due to a disease they carried and spread to the Bighorns. The author advocates for a refuge for the remaining Bighorns in order to remove any contact from domestic sheep in both the summer and winter seasons.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Wholesale waterfowl destruction in the Klamath Country

Manuscript discusses how the waterfowl in Klamath country are now protected from hunters by game laws. The Bureau of Reclamation destroyed areas of sanctuary for waterfowl because the demand for land for agricultural use was so high. According to Dr. C. F. Marbut from the Department of Agriculture, the soil from the land in and around the bed of the Lower Klamath Lake could not support agricultural means successfully. Instead, the area became a refuge similar to Clear Lake.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Correspondence and news releases

Correspondence discussing the Malheur Lake Wildlife Refuge and dam construction on the Klamath River in California. News releases describing William Finley's life and lectures are included.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Documents discussing Oregon and northern California refuges

Documents focus primarily on the destruction of bird nesting sites through the careless practices of the Reclamation Service, including prescribed burning and leasing of land for grazing. Other topics include cooperation between the Reclamation Service and Biological Survey, duck hunting, and recommendations for restoring refuges to ideal nesting conditions. A map of the Klamath Irrigation Project is included.

United States. Bureau of Reclamation

Information and articles on wildlife

  1. "Why protect hawks and owls"; 2. "The great Alaskan brown bear"; 3. "Brownsville Gun & Rod Club is incorporated"; 4. "Not a creditable proceeding"; 5. "The plumage and the tariff"; 6. "Predators and the northern bob-white"; 7. "Hart Mountain Antelope Refuge"; 8. "National Parks Bulletin"; 9. "Wildlife tips and briefs"; 10. Bird images.

Jewett, Stanley G. (Stanley Gordon), 1885-