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William L. Finley Papers, 1899-1946 United States
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Wren

Fanciful handwritten manuscript on the casual observation of a wren mother and her family. This document has parts from both "Rearing a wren family" and "Vigor's wren".

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

William L. Finley Papers, 1899-1946

  • MSS Finley
  • Collection
  • 1899 - 1946

William L. Finley's papers primarily document his work as a wildlife conservationist, author, lecturer, photographer, and filmmaker from about 1900 to 1940. The collection also documents the work his wife Irene Finley and photography partner Herman Bohlman. The collection consists of published and unpublished manuscripts, lecture and field notes, reports, correspondence, photographs and motion picture films.

An addition to the collection (Accession 2014:062) is made up of correspondence and newspaper clippings documenting the wildlife conservation work of William and Irene Finley. Among the topics addressed in the correspondence include: song bird protection laws in Oregon, requests to Finley for use of his photographs, the forming of an Oregon Fish and Game Commission, biological surveys conducted by Finley, legislation in California repealing meadowlark protection, and letters by Finley to various organizations regarding the presentation of one of his lectures. A highlight among the correspondence is a thank you letter from Finley to President Theodore Roosevelt for his establishment of wild bird reservations. The clippings are newspaper articles written by Irene and William Finley about encounters with wildlife, nocturnal bird sounds, and their filming of wildlife at Paulina Lake. The four articles all appeared in editions of the "Oregon Sunday Journal."

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Willamette River distress

Manuscript that recollects when Governor Clarence D. Martin called out Portland's mayor at the time, Mayor Carson, on the pollution being dumped into the Willamette River. The document goes on to point out how this is a violation of state law. Portland was not the only area affected.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Wild or band-tailed pigeons

Manuscript that looks over a few previous records of wild pigeons provided by O. G. Delaba and W. B. Jennings. There is a note in parentheses asking to report any spottings of the birds to Finley or Averill. The author reflects that the number of pigeons has declined dramatically.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Wild life restoration

Manuscript in which the author makes a case for restoring and protecting land for wildlife. Describes the unnecessary drainage and damage to habitats for local fauna which have gone unchecked.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Wild ducks conservation

Manuscript in which the author describes the need for duck conservation in Oregon due to hunting. Duck hunters want the season to be longer, which is reflected in a new game bill that was introduced in the Senate (Senate Bill 99) and the House of Representatives (House Bill 108). The document asks the Oregonian to "raise its voice" in response to the duck hunters.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Wholesale waterfowl destruction in the Klamath Country

Manuscript discusses how the waterfowl in Klamath country are now protected from hunters by game laws. The Bureau of Reclamation destroyed areas of sanctuary for waterfowl because the demand for land for agricultural use was so high. According to Dr. C. F. Marbut from the Department of Agriculture, the soil from the land in and around the bed of the Lower Klamath Lake could not support agricultural means successfully. Instead, the area became a refuge similar to Clear Lake.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

White heron search

Manuscript describing the same trip in "Malheur". The focus in this document is on the quest for white herons.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

When the condor sailed the Columbia

The decline of the California condor is discussed in this article. Once a frequent flyer along the Columbia River in Oregon, the bird has became a stranger as numbers dwindled.

Averill, Edgar F., 1881-1955

What is a ring-tailed cat?

Manuscript that delves into the perplexing animal that is ring-tailed cat or ringtail. A cousin of the raccoon, the animal can be found in the southwestern part of the Americas from Mexico to southern Oregon. The animal has a strange appearance and prefers to hunt mice and small game. The animal is an omnivore and emits a musky smell.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Wealth may come from primitive areas in Oregon

Manuscript that examines the uptick of interest and financial gain in Oregon's outdoors. A particular interest in the Rogue River Valley is explored. The author comments on the amount of funds for paving roads in order to allow people to access the wilderness easily. The document also points out that there are many ways to destroy natural areas, but few are considering how to preserve them.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Waterfowl protection and other manuscripts

Manuscript that is composed of various manuscripts, with a focus on closing the waterfowl hunting season. The manuscripts concerning the waterfowl include creating legislation to close or limit the hunting season, the practice of baiting, and protecting waterfowl populations. A manuscript discussing russet-backed thrushes is included.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Water ouzel or American dipper

Manuscript depicting a pair of water ouzels. Jack Horn from the United States Forest Service watched as one bird threw nest materials into the water, similar to how loggers toss in logs, making the transportation of materials easier. The author of the document goes on to say few people are familiar with the song of the ouzel. The author also gives the reader details about the bird's appearance and that another pair could be spotted at Multnomah Falls.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Vigor's wren

Manuscript describing a wren family. It is the same family from "Rearing a wren family" and contains excerpts from the manuscript.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Uncle Sam takes life insurance for his family

Manuscript discusses the importance of forests and the reality that upkeep is costly and time consuming. Author advocates that the American government should finance this and praises the work being done by the Forest Service. The program took unemployed young men from metropolitan areas and placed them into service for the forests. Not only was this beneficial for the forests, but the author contends that the young men free of the bad influences of the city, made the government's investment sound.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

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