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Watkins, Carleton E., 1829-1916
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Carleton E. Watkins photographs, 1861-1885

  • Org. Lot 93
  • Collection
  • 1861 - 1885

This collection contains stereographs, cartes de visite, cabinet and boudoir cards, photograph albums, mammoth plates, and other loose prints taken by landscape photographer Carleton E. Watkins, 1861-1885. Watkins photographs that were taken before he lost his Yosemite Art Gallery studio in 1876 to Isaiah W. Taber are known as his "Old Series." Watkins photographs taken after 1876 are referred to as his "New Series." The collection contains both Old Series and New Series images and includes some of Watkins' photographs printed under Taber's imprint..

The bulk of the stereographs and mammoth plate photographs in this collection were taken during Watkins' trips to Oregon to photograph Portland, the Willamette River, and the Columbia River in 1867 (Old Series), as well as in 1882, 1883, and the winter of 1884-1885 (New Series). There are also some stereographs that were taken by Watkins on his 1882 voyage to photograph Puget Sound in the Washington Territory and Victoria in British Columbia. Other mammoth plates, cartes de visite, and stereographs depict views of places in California, including Yosemite and Mariposa County, the Farallon Islands and other scenes of the California coast, San Francisco, Round Top, Mount Lola, and Mount Shasta, as well as views of Utah taken for the Union Pacific Railroad. There are also cabinet card portraits taken by Watkins of various people, including Oregon railroad financier Simeon Gannett Reed and members of the family of Cornelius C. Beekman (1828-1915), banker from Jacksonville, Or.

The collection also contains two photograph albums assembled by Watkins and originally owned by Charles H. Prescott (b. 1839), manager of the Oregon Railroad and Navigation Co. from 1881-1887. One album, "Sun Sketches of Columbia River Scenery," contains images taken by Watkins during his trips to the Columbia River Gorge circa 1882-1883, and the second album, ""Great Storm of the Winter of 1884-5. Columbia River, Or.," contains images that he took during a winter blizzard in December and January of 1884-1885 that snowed in an Oregon Railway and Navigation Co. train on its tracks along the Columbia River. The collection also contains one group of stereographs entitled "Watkins' Pacific Railroad" that were originally taken by Alfred A. Hart, official photographer for the Central Pacific Railroad, between 1862-1869 and reprinted by Watkins under his own imprint after 1870.

Watkins, Carleton E., 1829-1916

Watkins' New Series stereographs

This subseries contains stereographs produced by Carleton Watkins that were taken after his bankruptcy in 1875 and are known as his "New Series." Some of these stereographs were taken before 1875 but published later in the New Series.

Watkins, Carleton E., 1829-1916

Sun Sketches of Columbia River Scenery

Photo album, "Sun Sketches of Columbia River Scenery," containing photos by Carleton E. Watkins. Album page bears signature of Charles H. Prescott, dated 1884. Prescott was the original owner of this album, and manager of the Oregon Railroad and Navigation Co. A small biographical note appears alongside his signature. There is also an inscription from John Neilson Barry (b.1870), an Episcopal clergyman and historian from Portland, Or., to Julius L. Meier, governor of Oregon from 1931-1935. Inscription reads, "To the beloved Governor of Oregon Julius L. Meier whose noble and self sacrificing efforts in promoting the welfare of the people of Oregon have made him a public benefactor. J. Neilson Barry." Plates O.1. and O.45. are arranged out of numerical order. Plates O.28 and O.29 are not included.

Watkins, Carleton E., 1829-1916

"O.4. Castle Rock, Columbia River, Oregon."

View of Castle Rock, also known as Beacon Rock, on the Washington side of the Columbia River Gorge. Photo taken from the Oregon side of the Columbia River Gorge. There are 2 structures, possibly houses, on the shore of the Columbia River. This plate is part of Carlton Watkin's "Sun Sketches of Columbia River Scenery" album.

Watkins, Carleton E., 1829-1916

"O.30. Indian Summer."

View of the Columbia River and cliffs in the Columbia River Gorge. Loose duplicate plate in 5/6. This plate is part of Carlton Watkin's "Sun Sketches of Columbia River Scenery" album.

Watkins, Carleton E., 1829-1916

"O.27. Hood River Crossing."

A railroad track crosses Hood River. Houses in the town of Hood River are visible in the background. Loose duplicate plate in 5/5. This plate is part of Carlton Watkin's "Sun Sketches of Columbia River Scenery" album.

Watkins, Carleton E., 1829-1916

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