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Pilot Tex Rankin holding black cat

Photograph, taken August 24, 1928, of pilot Tex Rankin holding a black cat he borrowed from a Portland girl, Carol Mangold, to take with him on a national air race from New York to Los Angeles. The cat was one of two “jinxes” that Rankin deliberately adopted for the race; the other was to enter his plane under the number 13. On August 24, the day Rankin departed, the Oregon Journal published a story on Page 2 about the pilot and the cat; the headline was “Rankin and His Jinxes Go East to Start Derby.” See related image Nos. 371N2073, 371N5919, 371N6220, and 371N6222. Also see the following images related to Rankin's return from the race: 371N5921, 371N5922, 371N5923, 371N6141, 371N6150, and 377N0032. Image note: Photograph shows discoloration due to deterioration of the negative.

Dick Rankin on catwalk of airplane On-To-Oregon

Photograph showing pilot Dick Rankin crouched on the catwalk affixed next to the engine of a Stinson Detroiter monoplane, the On-To-Oregon, at the Rankin School of Flying in Portland. The photograph was taken on Friday, August 15, 1930, during preparations for an attempt by brothers Tex Rankin, Dick Rankin, and Dud Rankin to set an endurance flying record. The first attempt on August 17 was one of four unsuccessful tries the Rankins made that month. A cropped version of this photograph was one of four, including image Nos. 371N6128 and 371N6024, that was published on Page 3 of the August 15, 1930, edition of the Oregon Journal. The photographs were published under the headline “Almost Ready to Go Up and Stay Up.” They accompanied an article titled “Rankins Plan to Take Off Sunday.” This photograph had the following caption information: “Dick Rankin tries out the catwalk on which he and his brother will reach the motor while the flight is on.” Also see image Nos. 371N6017, 371N6023, 371N6024, 371N6025, 371N6051, 371N6060, 371N6063, 371N6064, 371N6103, 371N6120, 371N6121, 371N6128, 371N6129, 371N6130, 371N6132, 371N6133, 371N6134, 371N6138, 371N6199, 371N6206, 371N6207, 371N6221, 371N6227, 371N6228, 371N6233, and 371N6234.

Mechanics preparing airplane On-To-Oregon for Rankin brothers’ endurance flight

Photograph of unidentified mechanics preparing a Stinson Detroiter monoplane, the On-To-Oregon, for an attempt by brothers Tex Rankin, Dick Rankin, and Dud Rankin to set an endurance flying record. The photograph was taken on Friday, August 15, 1930, at the Rankin School of Flying in Portland. The Rankins made four unsuccessful attempts to break the endurance record in August 1930. A cropped version of this photograph, along with image Nos. 371N6022 and 371N6128, was published on Page 3 of the Oregon Journal on August 15, 1930. The photographs were published under the headline “Almost Ready to Go Up and Stay Up.” They accompanied a story titled “Rankins Plan to Take Off Sunday.” This photograph had the following caption: “Mechanics working on the 300 horsepower Wasp motor.” Also see image Nos. 371N6017, 371N6022, 371N6023, 371N6025, 371N6051, 371N6060, 371N6063, 371N6064, 371N6103, 371N6120, 371N6121, 371N6128, 371N6129, 371N6130, 371N6132, 371N6133, 371N6134, 371N6138, 371N6199, 371N6206, 371N6207, 371N6221, 371N6227, 371N6228, 371N6233, and 371N6234. Image note: Damaged negative.

Two unidentified mechanics? With Rankin brothers’ airplane On-To-Oregon

Photograph of two unidentified men, probably mechanics, standing next to a Stinson Detroiter monoplane, the On-to-Oregon, at the Rankin School of Flying in Portland. The photograph was taken on Friday, August 15, 1930, while mechanics were preparing the plane for an attempt by brothers Tex Rankin, Dick Rankin, and Dud Rankin to set an endurance flying record. The Rankins made four unsuccessful attempts to break the endurance record in August 1930; the first began on August 17. Also see image Nos. 371N6017, 371N6022, 371N6023, 371N6024, 371N6051, 371N6060, 371N6063, 371N6064, 371N6103, 371N6120, 371N6121, 371N6128, 371N6129, 371N6130, 371N6132, 371N6133, 371N6134, 371N6138, 371N6199, 371N6206, 371N6207, 371N6221, 371N6227, 371N6228, 371N6233, and 371N6234.

Pilot Tex Rankin speaking into Dictaphone before endurance flight

Photograph, taken from the side, showing pilot Tex Rankin speaking into a dictation recording machine. He is probably seated inside a Stinson Detroiter monoplane, the On-To-Oregon, on Sunday, August 17, 1930, before he and brothers Dick Rankin and Dud Rankin made the first of four unsuccessful attempts that month to set an endurance flying record. A cropped version of this photo was one of four, including image No. 371N6206, that was published on Page 2 of the Oregon Journal on Monday, August 18, 1930. The photographs were published under the headline “When Rankins Took Off on Attempt at Record.” The photographs accompanied the continuation of a front-page story about the attempt. This photograph had the following caption: “Tex at the dictaphone, by means of which he hoped to carry on his business and give orders to his ground crew.” Also see image Nos. 371N6017, 371N6022, 371N6023, 371N6024, 371N6025, 371N6060, 371N6063, 371N6064, 371N6103, 371N6120, 371N6121, 371N6128, 371N6129, 371N6130, 371N6132, 371N6133, 371N6134, 371N6138, 371N6199, 371N6206, 371N6207, 371N6221, 371N6227, 371N6228, 371N6233, and 371N6234.

L. B. Hickam and two unidentified men examining barograph for Rankin endurance flight?

Photograph showing three unidentified men outdoors, standing in a row. The man in the center is looking down at a box-shaped device he is holding in one hand. The photograph may have been taken at Rankin field in Portland on August 17, 1930, before brothers Tex Rankin, Dick Rankin, and Dud Rankin began an attempt later that day to set a record for endurance flying. The photograph may depict observers inspecting the official barograph that the Rankins would use during their flight. A barograph is an instrument that measures and records atmospheric pressure. The man in the center of this photograph may be L. B. Hickam, leader of the contest committee of the local chapter of the National Aeronautics Association, who was among the official observers of the Rankins’ attempt at the endurance record. Also see image Nos. 371N6017, 371N6022, 371N6023, 371N6024, 371N6025, 371N6060, 371N6064, 371N6103, 371N6120, 371N6121, 371N6128, 371N6129, 371N6130, 371N6132, 371N6133, 371N6134, 371N6138, 371N6199, 371N6206, 371N6207, 371N6221, 371N6227, 371N6228, 371N6233, and 371N6234.

L. B. Hickam and three unidentified men examining barograph for Rankin endurance flight?

Photograph showing four unidentified men outdoors. One man is kneeling in the grass and looking at a box-shaped device that he is holding to one eye. Two other men are crouching beside him, and a fourth man is leaning over them. The photograph may have been taken at Rankin field in Portland on August 17, 1930, before brothers Tex Rankin, Dick Rankin, and Dud Rankin began an attempt later that day to set a record for endurance flying. The photograph may depict observers inspecting the official barograph that the Rankins would use during their flight. A barograph is an instrument that measures and records atmospheric pressure. The man at left who is standing and leaning over to look at the barograph may be L. B. Hickam, leader of the contest committee of the local chapter of the National Aeronautics Association, who was among the official observers of the Rankins’ attempt at the endurance record. Also see image Nos. 371N6017, 371N6022, 371N6023, 371N6024, 371N6025, 371N6060, 371N6063, 371N6103, 371N6120, 371N6121, 371N6128, 371N6129, 371N6130, 371N6132, 371N6133, 371N6134, 371N6138, 371N6199, 371N6206, 371N6207, 371N6221, 371N6227, 371N6228, 371N6233, and 371N6234.

Aerial view of Rankin airfield

Aerial photograph showing the Rankin airfield in Portland, probably when it was located at Mocks Bottom on the Willamette River in Portland. Pilot Tex Rankin operated his aviation business at the field. Planes, vehicles, spectators, and the hangar are visible in the photograph. Image note: Light leak on negative.

Charles W. “Speed” Holman, Phil, and E. E. Ballough next to airplane

Portrait of three men standing in a row next to an airplane, probably at Swan Island airport in Portland. The man at left is pilot Charles W. “Speed” Holman, and the man at right is probably pilot E. E. Ballough. The photograph was probably taken on September 27, 1927, after Holman won the Class A race in a Spokane-to-Portland air derby and Ballough took second place. The text “Ballough - Phil - Holman” is written on the negative and is visible on the right side of the image. Also see related image Nos. 371N0595, 371N5913, 371N6105, 371N6107, 371N6108, 371N6112, and 371N6126.

Tex Rankin, Richard E. Byrd, and Portland Police Chief Leon V. Jenkins next to airplane

Photograph showing (from left) pilot Tex Rankin; United States naval officer, aviator, and explorer Commander Richard E. Byrd; and Portland Chief of Police Leon V. Jenkins standing in a row next to an airplane on February 12, 1927. The photograph was taken before Rankin took Byrd and Jenkins on a flight over Portland. Byrd was in Portland to deliver two lectures about his flight to the North Pole in May 1926.

Artwork on side of Rankin brothers’ airplane On-To-Oregon

Photograph showing the words “Tex Rankin School of Flying “ and artwork by A. G. Weber on the side of a Stinson Detroiter monoplane named On-To-Oregon. The photograph was taken on August 15, 1930, at the Rankin School of Flying in Portland, while mechanics were preparing the plane for an attempt by brothers Tex Rankin, Dick Rankin, and Dud Rankin to set an endurance flying record. The Rankins made four unsuccessful attempts at the record in August 1930. A cropped version of this photograph, along with image Nos. 371N6022 and 371N6024, was published on Page 3 of the Oregon Journal on August 15, 1930. The photographs were published under the headline “Almost Ready to Go Up and Stay Up.” They accompanied a story titled “Rankins Plan to Take Off Sunday.” This photograph had the following caption: “The name ‘On-to-Oregon’ and picture of the covered wagon and oxen on the plane’s side.” Also see image Nos. 371N6017, 371N6022, 371N6023, 371N6024, 371N6025, 371N6060, 371N6064, 371N6103, 371N6120, 371N6121, 371N6129, 371N6130, 371N6132, 371N6133, 371N6134, 371N6138, 371N6199, 371N6206, 371N6207, 371N6221, 371N6227, 371N6228, 371N6233, and 371N6234.

People gathered around Rankin brothers’ airplane On-to-Oregon

Photograph showing people gathered around a Stinson Detroiter monoplane named On-to-Oregon, possibly at Rankin airfield in Portland. On the side of the plane are its name and artwork by A. G. Weber depicting oxen and a covered wagon. The photograph was probably taken in August 1930, when pilot Tex Rankin and his brothers, Dick Rankin and Dud Rankin, flew the plane in four unsuccessful attempts to set a record for endurance flying. Also see image Nos. 371N6017, 371N6022, 371N6023, 371N6024, 371N6025, 371N6060, 371N6064, 371N6103, 371N6120, 371N6121, 371N6128, 371N6130, 371N6132, 371N6133, 371N6134, 371N6138, 371N6199, 371N6206, 371N6207, 371N6221, 371N6227, 371N6228, 371N6233, and 371N6234.

Man in cockpit of airplane On-to-Oregon

Photograph of an unidentified man sitting in the cockpit of a Breese monoplane with the name “On-to-Oregon” on the side and the number X844 N” on the tail. A cropped version of this photograph was published on Page 1 of the Oregon Journal on Tuesday, July 22, 1930, under the headline “All Set for Good-Will Flight.” The photograph had the following caption: “The Breese monoplane On-to-Oregon, which is scheduled to take off from Swan Island airport, carrying good-will messages to the East, between 8 and 10 o’clock tonight. The flight, sponsored by On-to-Oregon, Inc., is planned to be made with only one stop—at Minneapolis.” The photograph accompanied a story headlined “Oregon Plane To Hop East Tonight.” According to the story, the plane was to be flown from Portland to New York by Major G. H. Eckerson, test pilot for Breese Aircraft.

Tex Rankin showing winnings from air race

Photograph showing pilot Tex Rankin holding up two checks, his winnings in an air race from New York to Los Angeles. Onlookers are visible in the background. The photograph was taken on September 22, 1928, after Rankin’s return to Portland. On September 23, 1928, the Oregon Journal published Page 3 story about Rankin’s return, headlined “Rankin and Jinx Cat Back Home; Everybody Glad.” In the story, the Journal reported that Rankin had placed fifth in the race. After arriving in Portland, the Journal reported, “he exhibited two checks--one for $500 as the fifth prize and the other for $25 as a prize given at the second control station of the flight.” See related image Nos. 371N5921, 371N5922, 371N5923, 371N6150, and 377N0032. Also see the following images related to Rankin's departure for the race: Nos. 371N2073, 371N5919, 371N5920, 371N6220, and 371N6222.

On-to-Oregon takes off in Rankin brothers’ attempt at endurance record

Photograph showing a Stinson monoplane, the On-to-Oregon, taking off. The photograph was probably taken in August 1930 at Rankin airfield in Portland during one of four attempts that month by brothers Tex Rankin, Dick Rankin, and Dud Rankin set an endurance flying record. Also see image Nos. 371N6017, 371N6022, 371N6023, 371N6024, 371N6025, 371N6060, 371N6064, 371N6103, 371N6120, 371N6121, 371N6128, 371N6129, 371N6130, 371N6132, 371N6133, 371N6134, 371N6138, 371N6199, 371N6206, 371N6221, 371N6227, 371N6228, 371N6233, and 371N6234.

Tex Rankin, Dud Rankin, Oakley G. Kelly, and Dick Rankin with airplane On-to-Oregon

Photograph showing four men standing in a row next to a Stinson Detroiter monoplane named On-to-Oregon, possibly at Rankin field in Portland. From left are pilots Tex Rankin, Dud Rankin, Oakley G. Kelly, and Dick Rankin. Tex Rankin and Kelly are shaking hands. The photograph was probably taken in August 1930, when the Rankin brothers flew the On-to-Oregon in four attempts, all unsuccessful, to set an endurance flying record. Also see image Nos. 371N6017, 371N6022, 371N6023, 371N6024, 371N6025, 371N6060, 371N6064, 371N6103, 371N6120, 371N6121, 371N6128, 371N6129, 371N6130, 371N6132, 371N6133, 371N6134, 371N6138, 371N6199, 371N6206, 371N6207, 371N6227, 371N6228, 371N6233, and 371N6234.

Unidentified girl in gondola of Explorer II high-altitude balloon

Photograph showing an unidentified girl looking out of the hatch of the Explorer II gondola. Army Air Corps Captains Albert Stevens and Orvil Anderson flew the Explorer II, a high-altitude balloon, to a record altitude over South Dakota on November 11, 1935. This photograph was probably taken in while the gondola was on display at the Pacific International Livestock Exposition in Portland in October 1936.

Responders hoisting wrecked plane from Willamette River in Portland

Photograph showing people standing on a barge and nearby boats as the wreckage of an airplane is hoisted from the Willamette River by its wings on Monday, May 30, 1932. On the wing in is the number “NC830M.” The Oregon Journal published a story about the crash and a related photograph, image No. 374N0262, on the front page of its May 30, 1932 home edition. In the story, headlined “Woman Is Killed In Plane Dip,” the Journal reported that the plane’s engine exploded minutes after it departed from Swan Island airport in Portland en route to Seattle. The story reported that the pilot, Richard P. Gleason, attempted to glide the plane back to the airport, but it plunged into the river. Gleason was badly injured, and the flight’s single passenger, Mrs. Anna Smith, was killed. See additional related image Nos. 374N0259 and 374N0261.

Responders hoisting wrecked plane from Willamette River, Portland

Photograph showing responders with a wrecked plane as its pulled from the Willamette River in Portland on Monday, May 30, 1932. In a front-page story about the crash published in that day’s home edition, the Oregon Journal reported that the plane’s engine exploded minutes after it departed from Swan Island airport on a route to Seattle. The story reported that the pilot, Richard P. Gleason, attempted to glide the plane back to the airport, but it plunged into the river. Gleason was badly injured, and the flight’s single passenger, Mrs. Anna Smith, was killed. A cropped version of this photograph was one of three that were published with the story. The photographs were published under the headline “Ill-Fated Mail Plane, Victim and Pilot.” This photograph had the following caption: “Picture at dock showing derrick hoisting wrecked United Air Lines plane from Willamette. Directly in center may be seen sack of mail being pulled from compartment. At this time the cabin was still submerged. It contained the body of Mrs. Anna Smith.” See related image Nos. 374N0259, 374N0260, and 374N0261.

Frank M. Hawks’ airplane at Swan Island airport, Portland

Photograph showing pilot Frank M. Hawks’ monoplane at Swan Island airport in Portland on November 28, 1931. On the nose of the plane are the words “TEXACO NO. 13.” The photograph was taken as Hawks arrived for a brief visit to Portland. A cropped version of this photograph was one of three that were published on Page 3 of the Oregon Journal’s city edition on Sunday, November 29, 1931. The photographs were published under the headline “Three Hours From San Francisco.” They had the caption: “Captain Frank M. Hawks said his exact time from San Francisco to Portland Saturday was three hours and five minutes. But at that, he wasn’t trying for speed—just jogging along.” This photograph had the following additional caption information: “The noted flier’s noted plane, Texaco No. 13, as it rolled to a stop on Swan Island.” The photographs accompanied the continuation of a front-page story about Hawks. Also see image Nos. 374N0278 and 374N0299, which were published with this photograph, and image No. 374N0300.

Amelia Earhart and unidentified woman

Photograph showing pilot Amelia Earhart (right) and an unidentified woman sitting on a couch, facing one another, and smiling. Earhart is holding a bouquet of roses. The woman at right is wearing a ribbon with the words “Portland Chamber of Commerce / Hospitality” on it. The photograph was taken on Wednesday, February 1, 1933, after Earhart arrived in Portland to give a lecture. That day, a story about Earhart and a related photograph, image No. 374N0284, were published on the front page of the Oregon Journal. See additional related image Nos. 371N0768 and 374N0283.

Pilots Frank M. Hawks and Tex Rankin at Swan Island airport, Portland

Photograph showing pilot Frank M. Hawks and pilot Tex Rankin standing next to Hawks’ plane at Swan Island airport in Portland on Saturday, November 28, 1931. The photograph was taken after Hawks arrived from San Francisco for a brief stay in Portland. A story about Hawks and three related photographs, image Nos. 374N0276, 374N0278, and 374N0299, were published in the Oregon Journal on Sunday, November 29, 1931.

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