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Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953
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William L. Finley letters and scrapbook, 1946-1962

  • Mss 2654
  • Collection
  • 1946 - 1962

Collection includes: Scrapbook and letters, 1 vol. and 1 folder, 1946-1962, regarding personal matters, the Izaak Walton League, conservation, etc.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

William L. Finley Papers, 1899-1946

  • MSS Finley
  • Collection
  • 1899 - 1946

William L. Finley's papers primarily document his work as a wildlife conservationist, author, lecturer, photographer, and filmmaker from about 1900 to 1940. The collection also documents the work his wife Irene Finley and photography partner Herman Bohlman. The collection consists of published and unpublished manuscripts, lecture and field notes, reports, correspondence, photographs and motion picture films.

An addition to the collection (Accession 2014:062) is made up of correspondence and newspaper clippings documenting the wildlife conservation work of William and Irene Finley. Among the topics addressed in the correspondence include: song bird protection laws in Oregon, requests to Finley for use of his photographs, the forming of an Oregon Fish and Game Commission, biological surveys conducted by Finley, legislation in California repealing meadowlark protection, and letters by Finley to various organizations regarding the presentation of one of his lectures. A highlight among the correspondence is a thank you letter from Finley to President Theodore Roosevelt for his establishment of wild bird reservations. The clippings are newspaper articles written by Irene and William Finley about encounters with wildlife, nocturnal bird sounds, and their filming of wildlife at Paulina Lake. The four articles all appeared in editions of the "Oregon Sunday Journal."

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

The bat, a winged mammal

An overview of bats, including diet, mating season, and appearance. A brief discussion of bat species in Oregon is included.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953


Short manuscript that describes bird photography. The author's photography subject is a Kingfisher.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Compilation of manuscripts on birds

The handwritten manuscript features a rough draft of "Bird lives" as well as other manuscripts that most likely were broken up into different manuscripts later.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

The passing of the California condor

Manuscript discussing how little is known about California condors. The document details physical characteristics and behavior as well as nesting habitats. Features excerpts from "Condor 1."

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

The bush-tit

Manuscript describing a bush-tit, most notably feeding behavior.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

The black bear

Manuscript describing the process a mother black bear goes through when birthing and rearing her offspring.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Nothing a duck hunter likes better than ducks

This appears to be a rough draft of "Nothing a duck hunter likes better than ducks." Small differences include the additional sentences and above the title in faint pencil 'Consider the poor old duck hunter'.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

The gull bread line

Manuscript that describes a conversation between the author and a young man who is a member of the Audubon Society. The author and man observe how many people do not take the time to feed the birds. The author later reflects that people such as naturalists and Audubon members do not need endless amounts of free time, they are just as busy and productive as other members of society. It is that they desire to enjoy their lives and take pleasure in taking time to experience life.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

The storehouse of the red squirrel

In this manuscript we see the return of Piney the squirrel and the author observes that Piney and his fellow squirrels differ from other squirrels. They are different because unlike the other species of squirrels, they are vigilant in up keeping their supply of food. Piney took over a bird house near the author's property and it was discovered that Piney had collected one hundred and forty-six nuts. The author wonders if this store of food will be utilized and emptied by the time the birds arrive to occupy the bird house.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Family cares divided by grosbeaks

A manuscript that comments on the peculiarity of the divided workload between a pair of grosbeaks in feeding their offspring. The author noticed that both parents took care of the nestlings, but on alternate days. Generally, other species of birds the parents feed side by side, but not in the case of the grosbeak.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

California or valley quail

The subject of this manuscript is the Valley or California quail, which can be found in California, Oregon, and now Washington. The document lists the bird's call, how it defends itself against enemies, and its physical appearance. The document ends with a comparison of the bird to the mountain quail.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Murre multitudes

This manuscript describes the California murre, including a physical description and the commercialization of murre eggs.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Status of water fowl in northwestern states

The manuscript argues that the land that has been used for homesteads should be returned to the birds of the area. The land is not suitable for farming long term due to its often alkaline nature. The ill suited land distribution is contributing to the decline of duck and geese populations as well as the other native water fowl.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

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