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Columbia River Text
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Sketch of the Columbia River from the forks, & the 19th of October 1805 to the 1st of Jany on the Pacific Ocean

A reproduction of a hand-drawn sketch of the Columbia River by William Clark. The map also indicates camping places on the return journey in April, 1806. Originally issued in volume titled: Atlas accompanying the original journal of the Lewis and Clark expedition, 1804-1806, edited by Reuben Gold Thwaites (New York : Dodd, Mead & Company, 1905). Map 32, pt. 2. Item has also been identified as bb017544.

Clark, William, 1770-1838

Chart of the Columbia River for 90 miles from its mouth, 1838

A navigational map, “Chart of the Columbia River for 90 miles from its mouth [cartographic material] / drawn from several surveys in the possession of W.A. Slacum ; by M.C. Ewing.” Relief shown by hachures. Depths shown by soundings. Oriented with north to the left. Profiles: Cape Disappointment N.N.E. by compass distance 10 miles -- Cape Disappointment N.N.E. 6 miles. "S. Doc. No. 470. 25 Con. 2d S." Series: Senate document (United States. Congress. Senate) ; 25th Congress, 2d session, no. 470. Imaged map dissected and mounted on cloth backing. Item has also been identified as bb017535.

Ewing, Maskell C.

Mouth of the Columbia River, Oregon Territory, 1841

A map of the mouth of the Columbia River, Oregon Territory as surveyed by the United States Exploring Expedition in 1841 under commander Charles Wilkes. Relief shown by hachures. Depths shown by soundings. Inset details soundings of the Bar of Columbia River. Item has also been identified as bb017536.

Wilkes, Charles, 1798-1877

Mouth of Columbia River, 1851

A nautical map of the “Mouth of Columbia River / from a preliminary survey under the direction of A.D. Bache, Superintendent of the Survey of the Coast of the United States by the hydrographic party under the command of W.P. McArthur Lt. U.S.N. and Asst. U.S. Coast Survey, W.A. Bartlett Lt. U.S.N. Assistant ; reduction for engraving by A. Boschke, draughtsman ; engraved by W. Smith and E.F. Woodward.” Includes inset: View of the Entrance of Columbia River, Cape Hancock or Disappointment E. by N. (compass) 12 statute miles. Relief shown by hachures. Depths shown by soundings and isolines. Includes text on "sailing directions" and "tides." Handwritten note of graphic scale by George Davidson is erroneous.Scale 1:40,000. Item has also been identified as bb017545.

United States Coast Survey

A study of birds

Manuscript describing several types of birds. The author comments on home life, habitat, and physical characteristics.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Compilation of birds

Manuscript detailing characteristics of birds who frequent a pond, as well as the joys and disappointments of photography. A second manuscript describes a red-tailed hawk. Additional excerpts are included from other manuscripts, including "Vigor's wren."

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Consider the salmon

Manuscript calling for the preservation of the Columbia River as a salmon stream. The river is proposed to have additional dams added which would interrupt the salmon.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Columbia River pollution

Manuscript describing the problem of pollutants being dumped into the Willamette River and later traveling to the Columbia River where pollution is killing the fish. The author asserts that individual sportsmen and anglers have to follow the pollution laws but companies are not being held to the same standard. The author also states that citizens of Portland were initially on board to install sewage systems but support vanished once it was realized that the funding would come from property owners and not the government.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Duck hunting on the Columbia

Manuscript relating a conversation with H. S. Rowe, who along with Mr. Harrison, owned a large number of acres of land on Sauvie's Island, which happened to be excellent for duck hunting. Mr. Rowe went hunting in the year of 1907 with his son and netted the allotted amount of birds. Further comments about the plentiful number of birds for sport are included in the document. Later in 1913, a protection for migratory birds passed and closed down the hunting season. The author commented that despite the season being closed for 22 years, the number of ducks have not returned to previous numbers.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Waterfowl protection and other manuscripts

Manuscript that is composed of various manuscripts, with a focus on closing the waterfowl hunting season. The manuscripts concerning the waterfowl include creating legislation to close or limit the hunting season, the practice of baiting, and protecting waterfowl populations. A manuscript discussing russet-backed thrushes is included.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953


This manuscript describes the path of the salmon during the spawning season.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953


Newspaper clippings discussing Portland's efforts to acquire a loan to build a sewage system and Finley's lectures on wildlife in the southwestern United States. Additional article discusses Finley's role on the Migratory Bird Treaty Act advisory board.

Billings Gazette

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