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William L. Finley Papers, 1899-1946 With digital objects
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Cats have no respect for game laws

Manuscript that ponders whether or not it is justified to exterminate cats that are disrupting a wildlife refuge. The author and Mr. Fairchild observed a trio of cats that caused a bit of mayhem by hunting birds in the refuge.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Banding ducks on Malheur Lake

This manuscript discusses the importance of tracking migration of ducks by placing an aluminum band. Phillip A. DuMont ran the trapping and banding station at the Malheur Lake Reservation.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Banding waterfowl

Manuscript that reveals the previously held belief that all birds migrate south. Through tracking the banded birds, it was discovered that birds seek the areas where food is abundant, regardless of direction. The document describes the discovery that the drop in the bird population was due to the destruction of their breeding grounds.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Spiders migrate in parachutes

Brief manuscript that details the observation of some gray spiders creating parachutes with their webbing. Author comments on how this might be the way these spiders migrate.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Duck refuge at Klamath Falls has effective death trap

Manuscript describing the unintentional traps that had been made by telephone wires set up by the California-Oregon Power Company. It greatly affected the ducks in the area of Klamath Falls. The area that is discussed was set up for ducks with a type of botulism so that they could restore themselves back to health.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Pintail duck

Manuscript focusing on the American pintail, stating that it is the most common of ducks. Document comments on molting of the male duck after breeding season. Author speculates that this occurs in order to better protect the offspring.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Willamette River distress

Manuscript that recollects when Governor Clarence D. Martin called out Portland's mayor at the time, Mayor Carson, on the pollution being dumped into the Willamette River. The document goes on to point out how this is a violation of state law. Portland was not the only area affected.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Destruction of fish runs in the Sandy River

Manuscript campaigning for the federal government to aid in controlling the fish resources of the Sandy River. The author states that the Fish Commission and Game Commission cannot keep up with the demand of maintaining the fish runs. Document provides a condensed history of the river.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Splitting a bird's tongue, cruel and barbarous custom

Manuscript that focuses on the Corvidae family of birds. The author describes the members of this family as tricky and thieving, but recognizes that they are intelligent. Many are kept as pets and are subjected to the awful practice of tongue splitting.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Earthworms are real plowmen of the soil

Manuscript highlighting the important work that worms provide, ploughing and turning soil. Document reports on gender, the worm's sensitivity to light, physical attributes, and the process of procreation.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Canada goose or honker

Manuscript that comments on the migration of Canadian geese. Author states that spotting geese is the most notable sign that autumn is approaching.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

The pitcher plant traps and eats insects

A group of people, two who were residents of Gold Beach, went in search of deer. The group included Edgar Averill, John Yeon, Mr. and Mrs. Miller, along with the author. While the group did not find any deer in that outing, they did find a carnivorous plant and took a specimen home. The author goes on to describes how the plant gets nourishment and how it received its scientific name.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

The joke was on the kingfisher

Manuscript about how Jack Horn of the United States Forestry Service protected his goldfish from a Kingfisher. Horn's first batch of fish had been hunted successfully by the bird. Horn learned his lesson and thwarted the bird's future attempts by adding wire netting.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Belted kingfisher

Manuscript that discusses the Kingfisher, including how the species has a preference towards solitude, habitat choice, and diet.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

The gentle wood-pussy

Manuscript describing a skunk and insisting that they receive undue negativity. The author insists the animals are friendly and are not looking for trouble. The author also comments on the two types of skunks most commonly found in Oregon.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Squaw or bear grass

Short manuscript that goes into detail about bear grass, specifically the different names it is known by as well as its uses.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

The American coot as a game bird

Manuscript that wonders if the American coot, also known as a mud hen, would become a game bird. Coots were considered nuisances because they took away food sources from ducks. According to the document, ducks used coots as buffers in order to better protect themselves from hunters.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Water ouzel or American dipper

Manuscript depicting a pair of water ouzels. Jack Horn from the United States Forest Service watched as one bird threw nest materials into the water, similar to how loggers toss in logs, making the transportation of materials easier. The author of the document goes on to say few people are familiar with the song of the ouzel. The author also gives the reader details about the bird's appearance and that another pair could be spotted at Multnomah Falls.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

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