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William L. Finley Papers, 1899-1946 United States With digital objects
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Mammals on Mt. Hood

Manuscript that describes the varied warm blooded wildlife as observed by Elijah Coalman, Ranger for the United States Bureau of Forestry.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

The bush-tit

Manuscript describing a bush-tit, most notably feeding behavior.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Dolly Varden trout

Manuscript discussing where the Dolly Varden trout can be found and the nuisance it is in Oregon waters.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953


Manuscript depicting the importance of trout, especially for farming communities. Goes on to protest the implementation of non-native fish, especially the Loch Leven trout.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Tiniest soul in feathers

Manuscript describing hummingbirds, including the behavior of the male bird and physical descriptions of nestlings.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953


A rough draft of "Bush-tit." The last page appears to belong to another manuscript.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Sanctuaries for waterfowl

Manuscript that champions the idea of additional sanctuaries for birds and animals. The document mentions what efforts President Theodore Roosevelt made before retiring from office. The document also highlights a number of refuges in the United States.

Averill, Edgar F., 1881-1955

Trapping and transplanting beaver

Manuscript describing the process of transplanting beavers when they are negatively affecting their environment. The author details the process as well as the advantages this process has on the beaver population.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Habits and history of the beaver

Manuscript in which the author corrects the perception that beavers are more valuable as pelts rather than members of ecological society. Extolls the idea that beavers should just be put back in the right place rather than killing them.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Duck refuge at Klamath Falls has effective death trap

Manuscript describing the unintentional traps that had been made by telephone wires set up by the California-Oregon Power Company. It greatly affected the ducks in the area of Klamath Falls. The area that is discussed was set up for ducks with a type of botulism so that they could restore themselves back to health.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Willamette River distress

Manuscript that recollects when Governor Clarence D. Martin called out Portland's mayor at the time, Mayor Carson, on the pollution being dumped into the Willamette River. The document goes on to point out how this is a violation of state law. Portland was not the only area affected.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Destruction of fish runs in the Sandy River

Manuscript campaigning for the federal government to aid in controlling the fish resources of the Sandy River. The author states that the Fish Commission and Game Commission cannot keep up with the demand of maintaining the fish runs. Document provides a condensed history of the river.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

The pitcher plant traps and eats insects

A group of people, two who were residents of Gold Beach, went in search of deer. The group included Edgar Averill, John Yeon, Mr. and Mrs. Miller, along with the author. While the group did not find any deer in that outing, they did find a carnivorous plant and took a specimen home. The author goes on to describes how the plant gets nourishment and how it received its scientific name.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Belted kingfisher

Manuscript that discusses the Kingfisher, including how the species has a preference towards solitude, habitat choice, and diet.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

The gentle wood-pussy

Manuscript describing a skunk and insisting that they receive undue negativity. The author insists the animals are friendly and are not looking for trouble. The author also comments on the two types of skunks most commonly found in Oregon.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Squaw or bear grass

Short manuscript that goes into detail about bear grass, specifically the different names it is known by as well as its uses.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Water ouzel or American dipper

Manuscript depicting a pair of water ouzels. Jack Horn from the United States Forest Service watched as one bird threw nest materials into the water, similar to how loggers toss in logs, making the transportation of materials easier. The author of the document goes on to say few people are familiar with the song of the ouzel. The author also gives the reader details about the bird's appearance and that another pair could be spotted at Multnomah Falls.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

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