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William L. Finley Papers, 1899-1946 Siskiyou County (Calif.)
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Ducklings

Manuscript describing the pursuit of ducks and ducklings to observe behavior and hopefully catch a few photos of the mothers and their young.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Hunting grebes

Manuscript that shares a few excerpts from "Plight of grebes", focusing on why grebes have been singled out for their plumage.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Klamath trip

Manuscript detailing lake trips. Document goes on to describe physical characteristics such as length and plant life, as well as detailing the search for white herons. The author is disappointed to learn that the area was one of the most popular plumage hunting sites.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Klamath waterfowl mat stage a good comeback

Manuscript that relays the struggle of farmers and land owners versus the Reclamation Services in respects to the lake beds in the Lower Klamath and Tule Lake areas. It was recognized that the drying of the beds is destructive to the local waterfowl because of a lack of a reliable water source. For the farmers and land owners, they would rather see the land as a place of cultivation. The Reclamation Service believed that only a small part could realistically be kept under cultivation. Part of the area in question became a sump and instead of using all of the land for that purpose, a refuge area was set aside which became the Tule Lake Refuge.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Lecture

Lecture that focuses on the trip mentioned in both "Malheur" and "White heron search."

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Lecture on plumage hunting

Manuscript that appears to be an initial edit of a lecture. The manuscript describes the author's efforts in collecting data, combining the results and findings of three exploratory trips.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Lower Klamath Lake, Tule Lake, and Clear Lake Refuges, 1917-1935

Correspondence, reports, and articles discussing the impact of agriculture and reclamation projects on the Lower Klamath, Tule Lake, and Clear Lake Refuges. Topics of focus include the impacts of grazing on bird refuges, construction of dikes and dams on the Klamath and Link Rivers, and possible reflooding of portions of the Lower Klamath Lake.

Finley, Irene

Malheur, Lower Klamath Lake, and Hart Mountain Refuges, 1930-1935

Correspondence, articles drafts, and notes discussing the Malheur Lake and Lower Klamath Lake Refuges with a focus on the impact of agricultural projects on the reservations, including water shortages and pollution. Additional topics include concerns about an antelope population limit at the Hart Mountain Game Refuge and the introduction of non-native species to replace dwindling native bird and fish populations.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Manuscripts

Articles authored by Irene Finley: 1. "Making the birds happy"; 2. "Musk-rat, new industry for Oregon"

Finley, Irene

Migratory Bird Advisory Board, 1934

Document focuses include changes to Migratory Bird Treaty Act, waterfowl conditions, and extent of hunting seasons. Additional focuses include homesteading issues on wildlife refuges and hunting practices, including baiting.

Fernald, Charles

Muskrat data from Tule Lake, Ore.

Manuscript that documents the first year of an agreement with trappers that specified they would have to provide the government half of their take. The document thoroughly assesses fur prices, the process, muskrat population, muskrat behavior, and several other topics.

Plight of grebes

Manuscript containing excerpts from the "Plume hunting", "Grebe hunting", and "Notes on grebe skin traffic" manuscripts. This document further expands upon the motivation of plume hunting. Author also provides physical description, observations of behavior, and figurative description of some specimens in the wild.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Sanctuaries for waterfowl

Manuscript that champions the idea of additional sanctuaries for birds and animals. The document mentions what efforts President Theodore Roosevelt made before retiring from office. The document also highlights a number of refuges in the United States.

Averill, Edgar F., 1881-1955

Saving from the slaughter

Manuscript that makes a case to stop plume hunting. Author describes a sad scene of grebe bodies littering a lake site in the aftermath of hunting.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Southern Oregon lecture I

Manuscript featuring an expansive lecture. Lecture topics include the need for protection of wildlife, photography, and audubon societies.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

The American white pelican

Manuscript that focuses on the American white pelican, which according to this document, has an unattractive appearance. The document also describes how the pelican feeds its young.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Trail of death

A manuscript that illustrates the destruction the demand for plumage causes to bird populations.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

Wholesale waterfowl destruction in the Klamath Country

Manuscript discusses how the waterfowl in Klamath country are now protected from hunters by game laws. The Bureau of Reclamation destroyed areas of sanctuary for waterfowl because the demand for land for agricultural use was so high. According to Dr. C. F. Marbut from the Department of Agriculture, the soil from the land in and around the bed of the Lower Klamath Lake could not support agricultural means successfully. Instead, the area became a refuge similar to Clear Lake.

Finley, William L. (William Lovell), 1876-1953

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