Forts & fortifications



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Forts & fortifications

15 Collections results for Forts & fortifications

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Map of military reconnaissance from Fort Dalles, Oregon, via Fort Wallah-Wallah, to Fort Taylor, Washington Territory / made under direction of Capt. A.A. Humphreys, U.S. Topl. Engrs., by Lieut. John Mullan, U.S. Army ; assisted by Theodore Kolecki and Gustavus Sohon, civil engrs., while attached to the military expedition under Col. Geo. Wright, 9th Infantry, in 1858

A map based off 1858 military surveys showing the approximate locations for military roads constructed between 1859 to 1862. Also shown on the map are locations for farms, camps, trails, bridges, vegetations types, rapids, rock outcrops, landings, and locations of battles. Relief shown by form lines. This map is part of series: Senate executive document (United States. Congress. Senate) ; 47th Congress, 3rd session, no. 43.

Mullan, John, 1830-1909

Map of eastern Oregon and western Idaho / compiled by 2nd Lieut. J. Bowen, 1st Oregon Cavalry Volunteers ; under the orders of Brig. Genl. Benj. Alvord, U.S. Vols. commanding the District of Oregon ; traced by Ordnance Sergt. M.A. Battersby, 1864

A traced manuscript map showing a rough sketch of military marches in eastern Oregon and western Idaho by expedition in the summer of 1864. Military routes for George Byron Currey and Reuben F. Maury's expeditions as well as battlegrounds are hand colored in red. Main trails, mining towns, military forts, and major geographic features are also identified on the map. Relief shown by hachures.

Bowen, John S., 1843-1900

Old Fort Astoria, Astoria, Oregon

A photograph of a drawing depicting old Fort Astoria in 1845. An American flag flies over the fort. The back identified the artist as Henry J. Barre, but the correct name is likely Henry J. Warre. Handwritten note on back of print reads, "Old Fort Astoria 1845 by Captain Henry J. Barre, British Army." Photograph of drawing taken by Arthur M. Prentiss.

Warre, H. (Henry), 1819-1898

Johnson's new military map of the United States showing the forts, military posts & all the military divisions with enlarged plans of southern harbors / from authentic data obtained at the War Department, Washington ; Johnson & Browning, 1861

A hand colored map of the United States of America in 1861 showing national military divisions along with forts and military posts. Map insets show detailed harbor plans for the following: New Orleans and delta of Mississippi, Louisiana; Mobile Bay, Alabama; Entrance to Pensacola Bay, Florida; Key West, Florida; Savannah River; Charleston Harbor, S. Carolina; Hampton Roads and Norfolk Harbor, Virginia; Washington and vicinity; Baltimore and vicinity. Relief is shown by hachures.

Johnson & Browning

Lorenzo Lorain photographs

  • Org. Lot 1416
  • Collection
  • 1857-1860

Collection consists of salt paper photographic prints attributed to Lorenzo Lorain. The photographs depict scenes around Fort Umpqua and Camp Day during the forced removal of Native peoples from the western region of the Oregon Territory onto the Coast Reservation between 1857 and 1861. The photographs of Fort Umpqua, in Douglas County, Oregon, include the block house, barracks, and support buildings as well as portraits of soldiers and their families. Also included are exterior photographs of plank houses and portraits of unidentified Native American people who were likely members of the Coos, Lower Umpqua, Siuslaw, or Siletz peoples housed near Fort Umpqua on the southern portion of the Coast Reservation. The collection also includes photographs taken by Lorain at Camp Day, a temporary military encampment established in the Klamath Basin in Southern Oregon during the summer and fall of 1860. These photographs depict the camp site, the troops stationed at the camp, and a group photograph of unidentified members of the Klamath and Modoc people at or near the camp. The collection also includes photographs of Portland, Oregon City, and The Dalles, Oregon, which are believed to have been taken by Lorain during his travel from Fort Walla Walla to Fort Umpqua in 1857.

Also included in the collection are two salt paper prints depicting Fort Crook in Shasta County, California, which are attributed to Dr. Edward Perry Vollum. Vollum was stationed at Fort Umpqua during a portion of Lorain’s assignment at the fort.

U.S. Mil. Reservatio[n] of Fort Canby, W.T. at Cape Disappointment, W.T. / prepared under the direction of Major W.M. Graham, 1880

Two maps of Fort Canby in the Washington Territory. The first shows the U.S. Military Reservation at Fort Canby at Cape Disappointment and the second shows a closer look at buildings and facilities in Fort Canby. The first map's legend provides context about the establishment of Fort Canby and describes the environment and conditions. The second map's legend describes various facilities in Fort Canby in detail, including the hospital, reading room and school, and military barracks. Watercolor sketches of Fort Canby and Cape Disappointment Lighthouse are included.

Greenough, G. G.

Plan of Fort Dalles, O.T., 1857

A pen and ink map of the plan of Fort Dalles in the Oregon Territory. The map shows old buildings in blue and new buildings in black.

Scholl, Louis, 1829-1911

Fort Walla Walla, Washington Territory photograph

Photograph of Fort Walla Walla, taken on May 1st, 1859. The photograph was originally owned and may have been taken by Frederick Tracy Dent (1820-1892). Born in St. Louis, Missouri, Frederick Tracy Dent (1820-1892) served as a career military officer for the United States Army, and served as captain of the 9th United States Infantry at Fort Walla Walla from circa 1859-1860. Dent participated in the Spokane and Yakima expeditions, and engaged in the combat of "Four Lakes," and Spokane Plains. Dent was brother-in-law to Ulysses S. Grant. In 1859, Fort Walla Walla was part of the incorporated Washington Territories in Washington State.

Dent, Frederick T. (Frederick Tracy), 1820-1892

Camp Barry

This photograph of Camp Barry in 1864, was originally owned and may have been taken by William Russell Parnell. The photograph depicts several buildings that are part of the camp, and includes the inscription “Camp of John Simons” on the back. The inscription also mentions a "Remount Station," which may refer to a military Remount Service, and was a division of the Army that trained horses and mules for military use.

Parnell, William Russell, 1836-1910

Camp Harney, Eastern Oregon

This photograph of Camp Harney taken between 1970-1971, was originally owned and may have been taken by William Russell Parnell. From the inscription on the back of photograph: "Troop H - First Cavalry was stationed at this Post from August 1868 to June 1975. About 360 miles SSE of the Dalles, Oregon. Snowed from December to June each year. Abandoned 1879 or 80." This photograph shows several of the camp’s buildings. Parnell's signature is visible on top-left corner of photograph.

Parnell, William Russell, 1836-1910

Officers Quarters. Fort Boise, Idaho

This photograph, taken of the Officers Quarters at Fort Boise, Idaho in 1868, was originally owned and may have been taken by William Russell Parnell. The photograph depicts several soldiers posing outside the store, with an inscription on the back, “Compliments of Dr. Moffatt.” The inscription refers to the military surgeon Dr. Peter Moffat, who also served at Camp Harney. Parnell's signature is visible on top-left corner of photograph.

Parnell, William Russell, 1836-1910