Name and location of repository
Level of description
Land Program Recreational Project, Columbia Gorge
- 1935-06 (Creation)
0.1 cubic feet; 1 folder in shared box
Name of creator
In 1934, Oregon Governor Julius Meier appointed John Yeon (1910-1994) to chair the Columbia Gorge Committee of the Pacific Northwest Regional Planning Commission. Construction of the Bonneville Dam sparked debate about whether the dam should support manufacturing located in the Gorge near the dam itself, or if instead the Gorge should be conserved, and the dam's power sent to Portland, Oregon, and other established urban and industrial areas. In 1935, the committee produced a report, "Land Program Recreational Project, Columbia Gorge," recommending that an interstate park be established in the Gorge. In 1937, the committee released another report, "Columbia River Gorge Conservation and Development," which argued that the Gorge should be protected from use by heavy industry. Concerns about conservation of the Gorge spurred further activism from the 1950s through the 1980s, and culminated in the creation of the Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area in 1986.
Sources: "Columbia River Gorge," by Carl Abbott, Oregon Encyclopedia, https://www.oregonencyclopedia.org/articles/columbia-river-gorge/#.Y1wefXbMIuV; "John Yeon (1910-1994)," by Randy Gregg, Oregon Encyclopedia, https://www.oregonencyclopedia.org/articles/john_yeon/#.Y1wXuHbMIuU
Content and structure elements
Scope and content
The collection consists of a report with appendices authored by John Yeon, chair of the Pacific Northwest Regional Planning Commission's Columbia Gorge Committee. In the report, Yeon argues in favor of establishing an interstate park in the Columbia River Gorge on both sides of the river; describes specific areas of the Gorge, such as the Cape Horn area and the Beacon Rock area; and discusses lands that would need to be purchased to establish the park. The appendices, which make up the bulk of the collection, include fold-out maps showing areas of the Gorge, population density in Pacific Northwest, railroad facilities in the region, land ownership in the Gorge, and soil types in the Gorge; a list of currently owned properties in the Gorge; lists of delinquent taxes for properties to be purchased; photographs; and copies of statements and correspondence of officials regarding the proposed purchase of lands for a park.
System of arrangement
Conditions of access and use elements
Conditions governing access
Conditions governing reproduction
No Copyright - United States - http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/NoC-US/1.0/
Languages of the material
Scripts of the material
Language and script notes
Acquisition and appraisal elements
Immediate source of acquisition
Gift of the Columbia River Gorge Commission, care of Jeffrey B. Litwak, July 2001 (Lib. Acc. 24635).
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information
Related materials elements
Existence and location of originals
Existence and location of copies
Related archival materials
A copy of the commission's later report, "Columbia River Gorge Conservation and Development," is located in the Bob Peirce papers, Coll 675, Oregon Historical Society Research Library.
Preferred citation: Land Program Recreational Project, Columbia Gorge, Coll 927, Oregon Historical Society Research Library.
Description control element
Rules or conventions
Finding aid based on DACS (Describing Archives: A Content Standard), 2nd Edition.
Report was unbound prior to 2022, possibly at the time it was donated to the Oregon Historical Society Research Library.
Jeffrey A. Hayes