Collection Org. Lot 500 - Cartes-de-Visite Collection

Abraham, Miriam Abraham, Sol Abraham, Julia (Hinkle) Abrams, Sarah Lavina (Phelps) Acker, Lillie (Hadlock) Adair, Florence Adair, Inez V. Adams, Enoch G. Adams, Reverend Sebastian Cabot Adams, Reverend Sebastian Cabot Adams, W. L. Adair, S. D. Aiken, Edgar and (unidentified) Tranberg Aiken, James Akin, Franklin Street Aiken, James Akin, Louis Allen, R. S Allen, W. H. Alvord, Gen. Benjamin Alvord, Gen. Benjamin Ambler, Dave Applegate, Fannie Applegate, Lindsay Arnold Atkeson, Melvina Avery, Joseph C. Adair, Dr. Elias Coleman and Martha (Kemp)
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Identity elements

Reference code

Org. Lot 500

Name and location of repository

Level of description

Collection

Title

Cartes-de-Visite Collection

Date(s)

  • 1855 - 1897 (Creation)

Extent

Content and structure elements

Scope and content

Cartes-de-visite are a form of card photograph popular from around 1860 to the early 1900s, typically used for portraiture. The common construction of these cards consists of a thin albumen print mounted on a thicker card backing measuring 2.5 x 4 inches. André Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri patented the process of creating these photo cards in Paris in 1854, streamlining the process of commercial portraiture and reducing costs with a method of taking eight separate negatives on a single plate. Initial commercial response to the cartes-de-visite was slow. They reportedly did not rise in popularity until Napoleon III had his portrait taken by Disdéri in 1859 after which enthusiasm for card photographs spread rapidly across the globe. In the United States, cartes-de-visite were a staple of commercial photographers during the Civil War as a means of selling inexpensive portraits of soldiers and their loved ones, and also photographs of celebrities for collecting and trading. Cartes-de-visite were superseded by Cabinet cards, a similar format but larger - roughly 4.5 x 6.5 inches, in the 1870's but they remained popular into the twentieth century.

The Oregon Historical Society’s Cartes-de-Visite Collectio was accumulated from various sources. The collection includes photographs taken throughout the United States, including by many well known Oregon photography studios, from about 1855 through the early 1900s. Cartes-de-visite can be found in many other photo albums and individual photo collections in OHS holdings.

System of arrangement

Arranged by the last name of the subject of the photograph.

Conditions of access and use elements

Conditions governing access

The collection is open to the public.

Physical access

Stored off-site.

Technical access

Conditions governing reproduction

Languages of the material

  • English

Scripts of the material

Language and script notes

Finding aids

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Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information

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Notes element

Specialized notes

  • Citation: Cartes-de-Visite Collection, Org. Lot 500, Oregon Historical Society Research Library

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