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Kiser, Fred H., 1878-1955

  • n92012718
  • Person
  • 1878-1955

Brothers Fred H. (1878-1955) and Oscar H. Kiser (1883-1905) started photography as a hobby, but Fred gained recognition as one of the most successful commercial photographers and one of the best artistic mountain photographers in the nation during the first quarter of the 20th century. Through his Kiser Photo Company and other enterprises, he produced and sold prints, albums, stereographs, postcards, and glass lantern slides, many of which were hand-colored in oils. As the official photographer for the Lewis and Clark Exposition at Portland, Or., in 1905, Kiser gained a wide audience. His photographs helped promote Crater Lake National Park and establish Glacier National Park. During World War I, Kiser also served as director of photography for the Emergency Fleet Corporation’s Oregon Division.

Before he was ready to embark on a career in photography, Fred studied business and commercial law at Portland Business College from 1898-1901. He and his brother, Oscar, explored photography as a hobby, which developed into a business in 1902, when they discovered that scenic images of the Columbia River Gorge appealed to visitors at their parents’ Columbia Beach Hotel in Warrendale, Or. One of their early commissions established Fred’s on-going relationship with Crater Lake National Park in 1903, when photographer and park promoter William G. Steele invited them to photograph a promotional expedition from Medford, Or. to the newly-created national park. Fred and Oscar Kiser also established a studio in the Abington Building in Portland in 1904, under the name of Kiser Bros., Scenic Photographers. They issued a hardbound book of scenic views taken during the 1903 Crater Lake expedition, Pacific Coast Pictures, under their own imprint, Wonderland Souvenir Company, Inc., the first of many businesses that Fred created during the next three decades. In 1904, Fred Kiser worked as the official photographer at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition at St. Louis, Mo., and in 1905, he established the Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition Official Photographic Company during the exposition's duration in Portland that year, with himself as vice-president and director of photography. The company published many of his photographs in a Souvenir Book of Views of the Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition and Oriental Fair.

Fred and Oscar Kiser's partnership as Kiser Brothers ended in 1905, even before Oscar’s accidental drowning in November of that year. Following this, Fred established the Kiser Photo Company in the Lumber Exchange Building in Portland. By this time, he had perfected a system for mountain photography expeditions, and from 1903 through 1914, he provided official photography services for most of the Mazamas’ annual climbing outings to Northwest peaks. Fred Kiser recruited teams of energetic, mountaineering photographers who could get the heavy cameras and other equipment to practically any remote place and mountaintop in the Northwest. While his teams made many climbing photographs, Kiser’s marketing depended on the scenic views they produced during these expeditions.

Color made Kiser’s work nationally known and helped to create and promote national parks in the Northwest, including Crater Lake and Glacier. He selected the name “Artograph” to describe his “hand-colored in oil” images. Kiser developed the art of hand coloring into a mass-production line that allowed him to market his Artographs widely as individual images, in mounted sets, and in leather-covered albums. In 1907, he assembled a touring show of approximately 1,000 of his Artograph scenic views, which traveled to Oregon locations and to 20 cities across the country, including New York and Chicago. Maie Ely, who had made her name as an art colorist with a portfolio of Yellowstone Park images, hand-colored these photographs in oils.

During the decade before World War I, Kiser embarked on a whirlwind of photographic and promotional enterprises. The Southern Pacific and Spokane, Portland, and Seattle Railroads used many Kiser images in their promotional literature, but his contract with the Great Northern Railway in Montana had the greatest impact on the National Park system. Beginning about 1909, Kiser and his team photographed the spectacular scenery of northwestern Montana, working from headquarters in a specially outfitted railway car provided by the Great Northern. An exhibit of more than 100 of his Artograph prints at the Capitol in Washington, D.C., was credited with providing the final push to gain Congressional approval for establishing Glacier National Park in 1910. Kiser marketed his Glacier Park photographs at the Great Northern’s tourist facilities for many years.

After several moves in its early history, Kiser Photo Company, with Fred as president, operated from a studio and sales gallery at 240 East 32nd Street, Portland, Or., from 1909 through 1914. He also developed a national sales network through agents in eastern cities, including John Wanamaker in New York and Philadelphia. Clarence L. Winter, who had extensive experience in mountain photography and operated a studio in Eugene, Or., joined the company in 1911 as a photographer and vice-president. In 1915, Kiser sold the studio operations to Winter so that he could concentrate on photographing the new Columbia River Highway, establishing a photo concession at Multnomah Falls Lodge, and other enterprises, including a major exhibition for the Panama-Pacific International Exposition at San Francisco that year. Winter retained much of the negative collection and took the studio’s master colorist, Frederick P. Luetters, with him. Together, the two men produced and marketed hand-colored, mounted images of exceptional quality, but Winter closed the business when Luetters joined the U.S. Army in 1918. Luetters settled in New Jersey after World War I. Winter moved to Vancouver, Wa., and died in 1926.

Fred Kiser reorganized his operations as Kiser’s Scenic Photo Studio at 773 Milwaukie Avenue in the Sellwood neighborhood of Portland, Or., with various sales outlets in downtown Portland during ensuing years. World War I interrupted Kiser’s mountain photography and sales of his scenic views. The Emergency Fleet Corporation requisitioned his studio in Sellwood and appointed him director of photography for the Oregon District; in this capacity, Kiser made many images of shipbuilding activities, primarily at Portland shipyards. After the war, he organized the Scenic America Company to market his Artographs, using the popular “See America First” slogan in his advertising, and built a motion picture studio, which opened in 1922 and operated for a few years.

The interruptions of World War I did not kill one of Kiser’s biggest dreams: obtaining a concession for a photo studio at Crater Lake. At least as early as 1911, Kiser proposed such a concession, but for much of the next decade he had to content himself with displaying and selling his photographs through the Crater Lake Company’s facilities, including Crater Lake Lodge. By 1921, he finally won a photographic concession that permitted the Scenic America Company to build a studio near the rim of Crater Lake. In 1926, he added a darkroom to the building, which allowed him to provide one-day film developing service to Crater Lake tourists. After Kiser’s disagreements with other principals in the Scenic America Company sent the firm into bankruptcy in 1927, he incorporated Kiser’s with a group of Grants Pass businessmen. The new company opened a sales gallery in Grants Pass while continuing to operate the studio concession at Crater Lake. However, disagreements with his investors soon destroyed the new company, and Kiser relinquished his Crater Lake studio to the National Park Service in 1929. He moved to California, spending much of the rest of his life in the Los Angeles area.

Kinnard, Rupert, 1954-

  • n91125649
  • Person
  • 1954-

Rupert Kinnard (b. 1954) is a cartoonist/graphic designer who has been involved with the gay community in Portland through working at Just Out and also nationally with his comic strips that take a humorous slant on the issues of gay people of color and other marginalized communities.

Morgan, Howard, 1914-

  • n91098376
  • Person
  • 1914-2012

Howard Morgan was born in Tillamook, Oregon, in 1914. After his parents divorced when he was in the first grade, Morgan lived with his father in Portland, Oregon. He attended the University of Oregon and transferred to Reed College, where he earned a bachelor's degree in economics in 1940. He also studied at the University of California at Berkeley. In 1940, he and Rosina Corbett were married; they later had four children. During World War II, he worked for the Office of Defense Transportation and the Naval Air Transport Service. After his discharge in 1945, Morgan and his family settled in Portland. He represented Clackamas and Multnomah counties in the Oregon House of Representatives in 1949, was chair of the Democratic Party of Oregon in 1955, and was Oregon Public Utility Commissioner from 1957 to 1959. He was also a member of the Federal Power Commission in 1961. After an unsuccessful run for the Oregon Senate in 1966, Morgan retired. He and Rosina Morgan lived in Spain before returning to the Pacific Northwest. Howard Morgan died in 2012.

Thornton, Robert Y.

  • n91031914
  • Person
  • 1910-2003

Robert Young Thornton was born in Portland, Oregon, in 1910. He earned a bachelor's degree from Stanford University in 1932. He then studied law at the University of Oregon, completing his law degree at George Washington University in 1937. He met Dorothy Marie Haberbach while at the University of Oregon, and they were married in Washington, D.C., in 1937. They later had one child. Thornton worked various political jobs in Washington, D.C., for a few years, then he returned to Oregon and practiced law in Tillamook. He joined the Reserve Officer Training Corps while at Stanford, and in 1941 he joined the U.S. Army, where he studied Japanese and used his language skills to teach others and conduct interrogations of Japanese prisoners of war during World War II. After his discharge in 1946, he returned to his law practice in Tillamook. He continued to occasionally do intelligence work for the U.S. Army. Thornton, a Democrat, represented Tillamook County in the Oregon House of Representatives from 1951 to 1952, and then served as attorney general for Oregon from 1953 to 1967. In 1962, he was the Democratic nominee for Oregon governor, but was defeated by Republican Mark Hatfield. A few years after the end of his 16-year term as attorney general, he served as a judge on the Oregon Court of Appeals from 1971 to 1983. He died in 2003.

Long, William Rudolf, 1952-

  • n89612315
  • Person
  • 1952-

William "Bill" Rudolf Long (1952- ) is a lawyer and author in Portland, Oregon.

Osho, 1931-1990

  • n89145900
  • Person
  • 1931-12-11 - 1990-01-19

Osho Rajneesh (born Dec. 11, 1931; died Jan. 19, 1990) was a Indian spiritual leader whose teachings achieved recognition internationally. The name he adopted in 1988, Osho, is a Buddhist honorific which translates as, "one upon whom the heavens shower flowers."

Weed, Charles L.

  • n88654499
  • Person
  • 1824-1903

Born 17 July 1824; died 31 August 1903. In 1857, Weed began his photographic career in Sacramento, California, working as a camera operator for the daguerreotype studio of George W. Watson. In 1858, he joined R.H. Vance as manager of Vance's Sacramento photography gallery. Soon the firm was renamed Vance & Weed and another studio was opened in San Francisco, California. In 1864, Weed took over the San Francisco business. In 1859, he moved to San Francisco, California and photographed at Yosemite National Park for the first time. In 1860, Weed travelled to Hong Kong and the Far East. He established the firm Weed & Howard in Hong Kong. Weed travelled to Nevada, United States, in 1861-1862 to photograph mining operations. In 1865, he established the photographic studio Weed Brothers in Honolulu, Hawaii. In 1865-1866, Weed returned to Hong Kong. In the 1880s, Weed was working as a photoengraver.

Jones, Richard H. (Richard Hutton), 1914-1998

  • n88205127
  • Person
  • 1914-1998

Richard Hutton Jones was born in Rye, Colorado, in 1914. He attended the University of Northern Colorado, earning a bachelor's degree in 1934 and a master's degree in 1937. In 1935, he and Alyce Decker were married. He taught history at Stanford College from 1938 until 1941, when he began teaching at Reed College. He taught at Reed until 1982, specializing in medieval and constitutional history. He continued his education later in life, earning a Ph.D. from Stanford University in 1947 and an doctor of laws degree from Reed College in 1982. He was active in Republican politics in Colorado and Oregon. He served as campaign chair for Mark Hatfield in 1958, 1966, 1978, and 1984, as well as for Tom McCall in 1964. Jones died in 1998.

Neuberger, Maurine B. (Maurine Brown), 1907-2000

  • n88172787
  • Person
  • 1907-2000

Maurine Brown Neuberger was born in Cloverdale, Oregon, in 1907. She earned a teaching certificate at the Oregon College of Education (now part of Western Oregon University) in 1924. In 1929, she graduated from the University of Oregon with a bachelor of arts degree in English and physical education. She also did graduate work at UCLA. She worked as an English teacher at Lincoln High School in Portland, Oregon. In 1945, she and Democratic Congressman Richard Neuberger were married. After Richard Neuberger was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1948, Maurine Neuberger also entered politics. In 1951, she was elected to the Oregon House of Representatives, where she represented Multnomah County until 1955. Richard Neuberger died in 1960, and Maurine ran for and won his Senate seat that same year. While in the Senate, she served on President John F. Kennedy's Commission on the Status of Women. In 1964, Neuberger and Philip Solomon were married. That same year, she declined to run for a second term, instead relocating to Cambridge, Massachusetts, where she taught at Radcliffe and at Boston University. In 1967, she and Solomon divorced, and she returned to Portland. She taught at Reed College and continued to have an active role in the Oregon Democratic Party. She died in 2000.

Sundeleaf, Richard, 1900-1987

  • n88156446
  • Person
  • 1900-1987

Richard Wilhelm Sundeleaf (1900-1987) was born in Portland, Oregon. He was an architect. He worked on the Historic American Buildings Survey during the Great Depression. Among the buildings he designed are several on the National Register of Historic Places.

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