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Names

McCall, Tom, 1913-1983

  • n78039982
  • Person
  • 1913-1983

Thomas Lawson McCall was born March 22, 1913, in Egypt, Massachusetts. He moved with his parents to Portland, Oregon, in 1919 and soon after to a ranch near Prineville. He graduated from the University of Oregon with a degree in journalism in 1936, and went on to work at newspapers in Moscow, Idaho, and at the Oregonian in Portland. He and Audrey Owen married in 1939, and they later had two sons. McCall served as a war correspondent in the U.S. Navy during World War II, then worked in broadcasting until 1964, hosting a radio talk show on Portland station KEX. He became involved in politics as early as 1949, when he worked as Governor Thomas McKay's assistant. He ran for the U.S. House of Representatives in 1954, but lost to Edith Green. He later served as Oregon secretary of state from 1965 to 1967, when he began his first term as Oregon governor. He served two terms, from 1967 to 1975. McCall's progressive Republican administration was known for its attention to public concerns and the quality of life in the state. He promoted strong land use laws and environmental regulations, and he sought, unsuccessfully, to limit growth. After leaving office, he returned to broadcast journalism and continued his environmental advocacy. In 1978 he was defeated in a bid for the governorship by Victor Atiyeh. McCall died in 1983.

Le Guin, Ursula K., 1929-2018

  • n78095474
  • Person
  • 1929-2018

Ursula Kroeber Le Guin was an American Novelist who worked primarily in the genres of science fiction and fantasy. She won several awards, including the Hugo and Nebula awards, each more than once.

White, Minor

  • n79003239
  • Person
  • 1908-1976

American photographer Minor White was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota, on July 9, 1908. After graduating from the University of Minneapolis with a degree in botany, White began pursuing photography. In 1937, he relocated to Portland, Oregon, where he joined the Oregon Camera Club. Within the year, White began a photography club at the YMCA. Shortly after his arrival in Portland, White was offered a position in the Works Progress Administration as a creative photographer for the Oregon Art Project. White spent the next several months photographing the Portland waterfront and the city's soon-to-be demolished cast-iron buildings. This project was completed in 1939, and the next year, White left Portland for La Grande, Oregon, to teach photography through another WPA assignment. Minor White photographed a great deal of natural scenery during this time. In 1942, White briefly returned to Portland, photographing the Knapp-Lindley and Dolph-Jacobs residences in a project commissioned by the Portland Art Museum. In April 1942, he was drafted into the U.S. Army.

After his return from World War II in 1945, White moved to San Francisco upon the invitation of fellow photographer Ansel Adams to teach at the California School of Fine Arts. In 1952, with the help of Adams and several others, White created Aperture, a magazine dedicated to creating a forum in which photographers could share their work and opinions. The following year, White moved to Rochester, New York, to continue his teaching career at the Rochester Institute of Technology. From 1959 to 1965, White returned to Portland annually to teach summer workshops that were known for their intensity and dedication to White's signature teaching of photography as a spiritual experience. In 1966, White moved to Boston, where he finished his career at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He died on June 24, 1976, at the age of 67.

White was perhaps best known for his expansion on the symbolist idea of photographic equivalents. Equivalent photographs (earlier espoused by Alfred Steiglitz) depict abstract images that are meant to suggest specific human emotions. For White, equivalents were a means to show the spiritual nature of photography.

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